TAILORED MODULES TO REFLECT RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Tailored module for countries embarking on nuclear
The IAEA has developed a safety guide, Establishing the Safety Infrastructure for a Nuclear Power Programme (SSG-16), with the objective to provide guidance on the establishment of a national safety infrastructure, in accordance with the IAEA safety standards, to countries considering or preparing to embark on a national nuclear power programme. SSG-16 constitutes a road-map of safety-related actions to be taken in the first three phases (see figure below) of the development of the nuclear power programme, in order to achieve a high level of safety throughout the lifetime of nuclear power plants, including decommissioning and waste management.
This tailored module comprises a review against actions set out in SSG-16 and the IAEA Requirements on which the actions are based, as described in Appendix II of the IRRS Guidelines. Depending upon the level of development of the national safety infrastructure, the host country, when agreeing the scope of the mission, will determine the phases it wishes to have subject to review. However, if the country selects phase 2 for instance, then for completeness, the actions of phase 1 will also be reviewed.
Appendix II of the IRRS Guidelines shows the sub-sections of the tailored module and also contains supplemental guidance for IRRS missions to embarking countries.
Tailored module to address the regulatory implications of the Fukushima accident
This is a core module, included in the scope of the IRRS for countries having nuclear power plants.
The international nuclear community has recognized the fundamental importance of identifying all lessons to be learned from the TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident and of effectively addressing their implications in pursuit of continuously improving nuclear safety. Although it is acknowledged that this process will last many years, there must be a response to global concerns as soon as possible. Thus, this (interim) tailored module has been developed as a review of the status of national regulatory frameworks and regulatory bodies in the light of the Fukushima accident and based on initial lessons learned.
Areas requesting appropriate attention are identified across every IRRS Module, with an account of related weaknesses identified in light of the Fukushima accident. The IAEA Safety Requirements and Guidance pertaining to the issue are recalled to formalize gaps and as a tool to indicate how to effectively address the gaps, leading to recommendations, suggestions and conclusions for improvement.
As further lessons are learned and knowledge acquired, the content of this tailored module will be revised accordingly.
Appendix II of the IRRS Guidelines provides additional guidance for the application of the tailored module.