EC-IAEA Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Safety - 2009 package - NIS part
Component 2 -"Strengthening the regulatory capabilities for countries embarking on nuclear power"
Many countries without nuclear power plants are now expressing interest for nuclear power. Safety is one of the prerequisites for such development. Newcomers should, therefore, timely launch a comprehensive process in order to develop a suitable nuclear safety infrastructure and ensure that their nuclear power programme will fully comply with the international safety standards. The coordination and cooperation activities on nuclear safety issues between the EC and the IAEA started at the beginning of 2005. Two first projects were realized under the Technical Cooperation Europe programmes of the IAEA followed by another one under the Annual Action Programme 2008 on emergency preparedness activities. One of the latest joint efforts were those conducted under the EC-IAEA-Ukraine Joint Project on the safety evaluation of the Ukrainian Nuclear Power Plants which were successfully completed on February 2010.
The reason for an increased cooperation with the IAEA remains with the fact that the IAEA is carrying out projects that are addressing the resolution of generic safety issues based on developing and disseminating well recognized international safety standards and guidelines. Such activities fall under the development of the IAEA's initiatives, programmes and applications.
Overall Objectives - Component 2
- Strengthening the regulatory capabilities for countries embarking on nuclear power
Beneficiaries of this project will be the international nuclear community at large and, particularly, those countries among INSC beneficiaries. Countries embarking on or expanding a nuclear power programme are particular beneficiaries for Component 2.
The project is carried out by the IAEA as the implementing body. The IAEA coordinates with the Contracting Authority, through AIDCO, the activities needed to fulfill the project objectives. The project is coordinated by the Division of Nuclear Installation Safety of the Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, IAEA.
Specific Objectives - Component 2:
The objective of Component 2 is to strengthen the regulatory capabilities for countries embarking on nuclear power programmes so that their regulatory responsibilities and functions can be carried our in an effective manner.
Three Tasks are envisaged for this Component in order to comply with their objectives, as follows:
Task 1: Preparation of relevant documents to review governmental and regulatory frameworks.
- Establishing a methodology that can facilitate governmental and regulatory infrastructure development in countries embarking on nuclear power;
- To draft related guidelines and terms of reference for the infrastructure reviews;
- To develop/enhance and finalize tailored questionnaires for newcomers based on the IAEA's Safety Standards;
- To develop or improve training materials for regulatory staff;
Task 2: Expert missions and training for self-assessment, action plans and for developing the regulatory infrastructures.
- To conduct regional workshops, which will include methodology and self-assessment tools for governmental and regulatory infrastructure;
- To assist in the identification of the gaps and needs to strengthen the necessary regulatory infrastructure;
- TO conduct follow-up reviews of the self-assessments in coordination with the beneficiary countries.
Task 3: Tailored IRRS missions for countries embarking on nuclear power.
- To organize and conduct tailored IRRS to be carried out in countries embarking on nuclear power;
- To review and agree on the action plans for solving the identified issues during IRRS missions;
- To organize and conduct follow-up missions.
Expected results and performance indicators:
The implementation of this Component will contribute to improve the regulatory framework for long term safety. The expected generic results are greater openness and transparency of the regulatory regimes of the beneficiary countries, enhanced compliance with safety standards by the regulatory body, effective use of information and knowledge management networks for sharing lessons learned, regulatory competence enhancement and to promote the Global Nuclear Safety and Security Regime.
The performance monitoring of the Component will be based on evaluating the following key performance indicators:
Completion progress on preparing supporting documentation (e.g. guidelines, terms of reference, methodologies, questionnaires);
Number of workshops performed;
Number of self-assessment conducted;
Number of peer review missions conducted.
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